According to Francesca Fusco, MD, a New York City dermatologist who specializes in hair loss, “On average, we lose fifty to a hundred hairs a day, that’s just hair going through its cycles, and there will be a new one to replace it.”
Everyone loses hair but on contrary to this very view, sometimes hair loss could be a big sign complying with some serious medical condition. Though there could be various numerous causes of hair loss, we have listed down some prominent yet logical causes for you to give you better understanding of hair fall.
1. Telogen Effluvium:
Usually Telogen Effluvium occurs after pregnancy in which majority of women suffer from hair loss. It’s a hair loss condition meaning an outflow. Effluviums typically upset diverse stages of the hair development cycle. Hair sacs on the scalp do not constantly produce hair instead they cycle from side to side then degenerate to an inactive period for up to two months before opening to grow a new hair fiber again. It’s a complex cycle, in which women also face drastic weight loss or extreme stress along with hair loss.
The Symptoms: Women with Telogen Effluvium naturally face hair loss 6 weeks to 3 months after a nerve-wracking episode.
The Tests: Though there are no particular tests for telogen effluvium, but still you can see your doctor for a better advice.
What you can do: Try to relieve stress and worry and see your doctor for better advice.
2. Hereditary hair loss:
Sometimes we get hereditary hair loss problems. According to the American Academy of Dermatology, hereditary hair loss is very common cause of hair loss in which we inherit gene from either mother or father.
The Symptoms: Women could see developing a thinning at the hairline behind the bangs while this type of condition could arise as early as your 20s.
The Tests: Go to your doctor as he/she will test the form of hair loss to conclude if it’s genetic or not.
What You Can Do: From experts’ point of view, apply minoxidil (Rogaine) to the scalp twice a day as it could help slowing down hair loss problem to some extent.
Thyroid disease could cause hypothyroidism. In case of underactive thyroid or overactive thyroid, you may see changes in bodily functions as well as well hair loss along with bizarre weight loss, heart shivers, nervousness, irritability, diarrhea, moist skin, muscle weakness.
The Symptoms: To determine the causes of Hypothyroidism, you could face sudden hair loss along with bizarre weight loss, heart shivers, nervousness, irritability, diarrhea, moist skin, muscle weakness
The Tests: A blood test is required to determine thyroid-stimulating hormone.
What You Can Do: Your doctor could prescribe you a proper medication for thyroid and for restoring it to normal level.
Lupus is a long-lasting autoimmune ailment. Though you don’t see any drastic changes suddenly, but in Lupus, your body’s own protected structure attacks healthy tissues. Many people also suffer from extreme hair loss due to Lupus.
The Symptoms: Its symptoms include stirring weakness, headaches, oral ulcers, and sore, inflamed joints.
The Tests: A rheumatologist will scan joints for any serious type of inflammation. A skin biopsy may also be needed to determine the real cause of problem.
What You Can Do: Go for a complete medical checkup as soon as you see any above mentioned symptoms in your body.
5. Iron Deficiency Anemia:
Not eating iron rich food could lead to Iron Deficiency Anemia. Basically iron provides energy to your body as well as play an active role making red blood cells. Red blood cells carry oxygen to cells all over your body, providing you the vitality you want.
The Symptoms: With Iron Deficiency Anemia, you could face fatigue, weakness, pale skin and hair loss.
The Tests: A blood test is taken to determine ferritin. It’s a type of protein that stores iron in our body.
What You Can Do: Try to eat iron-rich foods more. Especially beef, fish, leafy greens, fortified cereals, and beans—preferably have high level of iron.
6. Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome:
Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome is caused by hormonal imbalance. In this condition ovaries produce too many male hormones leading to infertility.
The Symptoms: In PCOS, women could experience facial hair growth, irregular periods, acne, and cysts on the ovaries.
What You Can Do: Its treated with birth control pills as it has anti androgen properties which blocks testosterone.
7. Skin Conditions of the Scalp:
Healthy scalp is very good for hair growth while unhealthy scalp can cause various issues leading to hair loss with abrupt periods. Unhealthy scalp also makes hair grow. Skin disorders that are main problems of hair loss, include seborrheic dermatitis (dandruff), and psoriasis.
The Symptoms: Greasy scalp as well as when you see yellowish scales on your shoulders, you should know that something bad is happening with your hair. It’s a sign that you should consult a specialist doctor for further clarifications.
The Tests: A physical test of the scalp is needed to determine which condition you have.
What You Can Do: Use your doctor’s prescribed prescription to avoid more complications.
8. Alopecia areata:
Alopecia areata is an autoimmune illness. In this disorder the immune system attacks hair follicles resulting sudden hair loss. Doctors agreed that this disorder could triggered by stress or illness.
The Symptoms: You could see round, smooth patches of baldness on the scalp, eyebrows, or legs. Dr. Fusco says, “Some patients have reported that before the bald spot occurred, they felt something in that area—a tingling or an irritation.”
The Tests: Testing the pattern of hair loss sometimes guides you well as if you have alopecia areata or not.
What You Can Do: This disorder is treated treated with intralesional corticosteroids.
9. Excessive Styling:
Too much styling and shampooing could also trigger sudden hair loss. Don’t use treatments like keratin, coloring, and blow-drying as you could face severe hair loss problems.
The Symptoms: Sudden loss of hair by external damage is a real signal for you to determine this issue.
The Tests: Dr. Jakubowicz explains this type of hair loss by a “pull test” to check whether the hair that comes out has bulbs on the ends.
What You Can Do: Avoid too many styling and shampooing. Don’t use any types of useless treatments as well. And especially don’t dye hair more than one or two shades its normal color.